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              ҪգՓİlՓ޸ķգwIУɡwľӢZˇgӋCͨӍČWrII

              ˎʳͬԴֲc໥M̽

              ԴԭՓľW ӕrg2018-10-08

              ˎʳͬԴֲc໥M̽ժҪ

              Synergistic Effects of Probiotics and Medicinal and Edible Plants


              Abstract:Probiotics have the healthy functions of regulating intestinal microbial balance and strengthening immunity. The synergistic effects of probiotics and medicinal and edible plants were reviewed in three aspects, including: 1 The proliferation of probiotics was promoted by medicinal and edible plant; 2 Effective constituents of plants were absorbed by probiotics secreting enzymes; 3 New absorbent ingredients were produced, biological activities were enhanced, and side effects were reduced when medicinal and edible plants were fermented by probiotics. Sufficient viable count was necessary for probiotic products. The synbiotics producted combined with appropriate prebiotics, such as ingredients of medicinal and edible plants, could enhance the survival of probiotics and improve the functionality of probiotic products. Expect to exploit a new generation of synbiotics products with extract of medicinal and edible plant as prebiotics.

              Keyword:probiotics; medicinal and edible plant; synergistic effects; prebiotics; synobiotics;

              һNͨ^c΢ƽ΢Ƅ {c΢ƽ⡢ȽЧuMJ֪҇aIBm3L20%ϣ 2016ȫMmǰđBݣ Ё̫؅^ռȸ_47%, ǚW W15%, |W7% 16.5% Ж| 6.5% .“aƷѳɞʳƷaID͵܊c̽”, ϴWУLЇʳƷƌWgW֕LlڵʮcHӑǽB

              ھwaƷF^У PIDZַԣ _ܰl][1].ĿǰɑõķУû򹤳̌΢Mи졢Bhǰ뱣oԻlͰYԪƂԪкԪĿǰоc ҲDZCЧķ֮һ[2-3], ҽYmԪHԱCĴͮaƷķ ߀aƷĹ[4].

              ԪԪĻƄ “ԪǿԌ߽Чͬr{΢ȺһNoʳMɷ” “χZrM2007꣩ .Ŀǰ Ԫ|о^һЩԵ; շ͹ǡ;۰ǡ;ľǡ󶹵;ǡѿǵȣ |ˮ α-嵰ף F׵ȣ β-Ͼǣ [5].ʳֲԴԪ[6-7]вˎԴԪ[8]Ј ʳֲʳȡĺԪaƷҲuM뱣ƷЈ ȻԪ&#174;ƬԴԴۡ

              CcˎʳͬԴֲ໥Ufͬã _lˎʳͬԴֲԪĺԪaƷṩ

              1ˎʳͬԴֲֳ

              ֲȡdzҊ֮һ ֳõwwо^࣬ Ҋ1.һˎʳͬԴԴԪ--āԴĵ;۹ǣ pUֳӣ 䏊ĹԺͷʹ֮ɞһNõȻʳƷ[9].

              1ʾ ˎʳͬԴֲȡҺͬԴľһMֳã ߣ 磺yֲUULͱF@ĴMã ȟtF@[13];ӽҺpU@ĴM[11], 냺pUtһ[17];ƤUдMֳ[8], 냺pUto@Ӱ[17].Ҋ ˎʳͬԴֲȡҺͬNͬLӰø

              1 ˎʳͬԴֲҺ/ҺֳӰ


              ֲȡܳɞԪ һxԴ̼caĻԣ һ߀кá磺ʲݡƤܴMUL ҌѪԴcU[18];޲ȡҺwwԇC ޲ȡҺܴMpUUL ͬrM˲ԭwcUL[16], ˣ ޲ʲƂԪ

              ֲȡﻯWɷ֏s еĵ|֬ȣ ̼ԴԴ LṩһĠIB|еЙC𵽾_Ч Lṩp H;A͓]l͵|²L LṩLg͠IB|[19].Ŀǰ о^^ĞǺͶɷ֡PĘЧо[20], ضλڵøˮβ-I ʳþеĎ׶|βIBӵĶDzܱθcգ ĶܱcȺlͣFeng Chen[21]߀lF һЩβ-IˎݻЁԴĶǣ ǡ`֥ǡ֥ǣ ԓɷ֘O^ Ҳ^ öȵͣ {c΢ȺĘɣ ͔MUT/ھTı Ĵxa࣬ Ķ澏װYӰ푣 cáˣ β-IˎʳͬԴֲǣ 轶[22]߶[23]_lˎʳͬԴֲɫԪ⣬ |ͬӿԴMpUL xԵ²L cȺY {c΢Bƽ⡣ÙCҪǣӵucƵ²Ĥ֬|pӌӽYϣ ƉļĤܣӿԮaH2O2, Ɖ΢:Ĥͨ͸ԣͨ^׃c΢ĽY ΢xøNl׃ MӰcȰlø ˮø߀ԭøDø ;߀cNxϳɲԏͺ ʹ΢øϵȱoo߀ֱϾøDøB߀ԭøø[24].

              2ˎʳͬԴֲЧɷֵهD\

              CwzȻɷ֣ һֱֿӴ̼cȺ {cȺĽY S֔͠BṩIBһ֠IB|ɷ֣ tҪc΢øwϵMD\գ ԰l]ԡ20o90С̹һ a~Sаl]aõķa~աJC²cֽøDԪ Ůaa[25], Pĺmо֧ͬԓՓ[21]:СމAСc߀ԭø£ СމAˮСމA СމA屶 СcںѸDQԭͣ˅C-K˅˅յҪx ˅ȡеRb1ͨ^СcUA-44Rb1ˮø β-D-ø ͬîa˅Rd, ˅Rdٴx˅C-K.

              Tо[21]:r£ ֲеͨ^c΢D׃| ԔҊD1 ;ˎʳͬԴֲƤеijƤՕvƵĴx^̣Ƥ |朽ӵĶӣ 朠pUpUD׃ԽYƤءеβ- ǣ ճɷ֣ ywøֽ⣬ ֻcˮx H֮ նl]ԡһJ飬 ֬ԔUɢˎȿĤD\ҪʽH֬Եͣ D\вλ ڵøˮԪ Óȥǻ OԜpС ֬ӣ ʹȵĿĤյԌFԪСcѪҺѭh l]á⣬ Ԫͬr @ǣ ҷֳ̼Դ ֲке|֬΢Ԫغ;SصȠIBɷ֣ LṩNIB@ˎʳͬԴֲﹲąfͬ[25].
               

              D1 cȺDֲɷֵČ

              D1 cȺDֲɷֵČ


              3lˎʳͬԴֲ

              ΢ L^ЕaNӵĻ| 絰øøwSøøøȣ @Щøмкϳø зֽø ǰl^̰lW|A@ЩøһӹЧɷֵȡʣwSø¿Чɷֵܳ[26-27];ZUcSȡҺl໥ã ʹֶǵ111.9%[28].ڰl^У ڳء^غ͗lMУ ڱ֟ԵЧɷ֡һ棬 lͺµĻWɷ֣ գ Ҹø٣絭 Ǵ󶹵ijNӽlͶɣ ^l^̣ ɷ7, 4'-uSͪ-7- գ 5, 7, 4'-uSͪ-7- Ⱦľգ Ȱl׃ DxԪ[29];xԪиԣҽӰl͵Ĵ󶹣 ζ ^ȫȥʳÛĵ;[30].

              Pwwԇ ȻֲˎʳͬԴֲ lͺ󳣱FԓԭPԣ ԭϸԽԣ ͬrMֳ FfͬãoՓl߀δl͵Ľy@ML 𵽺ܺõĽ֬Ч[31];gֿܵ͸֬ʳµװY ͨ^pѪȶغP ԇC @c΢P ȌսM “ϑðlͺͲlͻΪðl˵İg@߸֬ʳ֬ʳСpU μIJl͵İgto[32];Bose[33]ҲlF ֬ǽ錧wwװYģУ lͺİgͰױⶹF׻ԣ ƷNЧ “ú t@ʹѪҺȶأ θcͨ͸ԣ MUĶֲ F@Ŀ׻ԣ δl͵ȡc“ϑÄtoЧ

              ijЩܸˎʳͬԴֲˎƄ“”Lζ B֣ LƄı|ڡᄾƽĸϰlͣ ڴx^пɮaSBSءᡢᡢء΢Ԫءw|ȠIBԴxa aᡢᡢᡢ촼ҴЙC͸߼ Լζ ᮐᱽLζ| ᡢص־|܉־ã ƄПoӷɷֹƄ׃|[34].

              4aƷ_lcչ

              C ˎʳͬԴֲжǺͶȳɷ֣ xԴMpUֳ ƷNԸ MLͬr Ʋԭ΢ ɳɞԪˎʳͬԴֲ|هcøϵã ^ɠIB| Թֳֻã γѭhЄeهCwwȵc lͼgģM“wθc”, ˎʳͬԴֲеЧɷַֽɿյС| ^̮aĠIB| zcĴL ˕r“ÞԪ ߹ fͬЧ ɰl]ȻЧɷֵĹлԣ Ҳ@Fc{áҊ ˎʳͬԴֲԪĮaƷǾ@ԽԵһԪaƷ

              ֵذl]cˎʳͬԴֲąfͬã _lԵaƷ ɿ]·棺 1 xȡmˎʳͬԴֲԭϣYt{B ᘌԵxc {Ƣθ֮ˎʳԭģ , ͬrҪɷ֌LзeOõԭϣ 2 xȡкͷ꣺xȡˎʳֲ@MöƲԭw΢ cˎʳԭ“ϑÕr θchhİȫꣻ 3 оmĮaƷˇͮaƷdwˎʳԭĻWɷ֏s cĻϣ ӰĻ[35], ԿԿ]ЧɷֵȡxȡmľMAlͣ Ҳɿ]úmoϺͰƄg/ֲԳɷMаϱo[36].

              īI

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